Growing Heritage Apple Trees From Cuttings

Health And Healing

Every organic garden should have at least one good apple tree, I believe. Apples are very beneficial to the health.  An apple a day keeps the doctor away, the old saying goes.

Heritage apples have been shown to be much higher in nutrients than modern-day apples which are  grown mainly to appeal to the eye, rather than for their healthful aspects.  Heritage apples contain plenty of those antioxidants and phytochemicals which have been proven for their ability in helping  prevent diseases such as cancer and arthritis.

There is, thankfully, a trend now for people to procure heritage apple trees, which are very old varieties, for their garden orchards.

Putting down cuttings is a way in which you can propagate your own trees from an old variety of apple tree.  The method may not always work, but there is a good chance that you may get one or two lucky strikes from the cutting method of propagation.

The good thing about the cutting method is that the newly grown tree will be true to type and will produce the same kind of fruit as the original tree.

Some varieties of apple respond better to the cutting method than others.  I have had wonderful success from an unknown old tree in the Waikato which had smallish but sweet apples, similar to a Cox’s Orange.  Lately, I have managed to grow one cutting out of several I took from my daughter’s Dunedin orchard.  This apple tree is quite old and gnarly, but is overloaded with beautiful big apples every year which stew up into a lovely creamy sweet pulp, and also make good eating apples too.  I am looking forward to when it will begin to fruit.

I took most of my cuttings in the spring-time, just before the apples began to produce their new leaves.  However, I have still had results from taking cuttings at Christmas time in New Zealand, when the apple tree had very young leaves on it.

The secret is to not let the new budding shoots dry out, or the new green leaves, if they have sprouted. So put your cuttings in a dampish place where they will get the sun for only a short time of the day. Right alongside a compost bin on the shadier side is an excellent place. The nutrients from the compost infiltrate the soil around the bin, and these nutrients help the cuttings to grow roots. Make sure to water the area where the cuttings have been planted so that the soil does not dry out.

Take cuttings around 18 inches to 2 feet long.  Bury half of the length of the cutting in the ground.

Pushing the cuttings in at an angle amongst other leafy garden plants such as comfrey, which offer some shade as well as nutrients to the upcoming young apple tree can help the cutting to take root. Remember, again, to water enough so that the soil does not dry out.

I have found the occasional drink of watered down coffee grounds to be helpful in growing apple trees from cuttings. The high nitrogen content in coffee may be why this helps new growth.

Even if you think none have taken, try to leave the cuttings in until the following spring, when you might be surprised. Some cuttings will be obviously dead by the end of the summer, and you can remove those ones, but leave in those cuttings which still show promise, even though they may not be showing new leaves. Sometimes, the plant is busy building a root system below ground, even when it has not managed to sprout new leaves. You will know when springs comes whether it has made the grade or not.

Apples can help prevent constipation, acidity of the stomach, help digestion, help prevent arthritis, cancer and many other diseases.

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WHO Declare Glyphosate ‘Probably’ Causes Cancer, March, 2015

Environment and Health Issue:  The herbicide RoundUp, which is made by the agrichemical and seed giant Monsanto, contains glyphosate:  Now glyphosate is named by the World Health Organization as being a possible cause of cancer.

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For many years glyphosate has been insistently marketed as a ‘safe’ product, despite the bad reactions many of us have to it.  This status is changing.  The World Health Organization recently, in March, 2015, declared that glyphosate ‘probably’ causes cancer. The fear of being sued by the companies who manufacture the weedkiller is probably the reason for their seemingly indecisive statement, which is conveniently diluted to placate the big chemical giants, in my opinion.

The following excerpt is quoted from Andrew Porterfield, July 24th, 2015, ‘Genetic Literacy Project’. (

‘In March, the World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer, IARC,  issued a statement (also published in The Lancet) that reclassified glyphosate as “probably carcinogenic to humans”. It was a surprise to some in the scientific community because every major regulatory agency had determined that glyphosate, an herbicide often paired with genetically modified crops, was not carcinogenic.’

Soya Can Help Prevent Cancer

Natural Remedies

Prevention of Breast Cancer

In ‘Natural Alternatives To Dieting’, author Dr Marilyn Glenville has quite a lot to say about the benefits of including GE-free soya in the diet.

Soya is cholesterol-free and a complete protein in itself.  It is the only edible bean which contains all the eight essential amino acids, which makes it an ideal protein food for vegetarians.  Soya is the perfect substitute for dairy milk.

Soya not only helps you to lose weight, it can help prevent cancer, says Dr Glenville.

She refers to research done recently: Japanese women, whilst they remain on their traditional diet which includes soya products such as tofu, miso, soy sauces, etc,  have a low incidence of breast cancer, as well as minimal menopausal symptoms, and, I presume, lower obesity levels.  Japanese women, though, do not have such good health when they move away from Japan and assume a western-style diet in America.  Under these new conditions, rates of breast cancer increase dramatically.

Of course, there will be other beneficial foods in their traditional diet besides soya, such as fish and seaweed, which may account for their supreme good health.  These may not be as abundant in the diet once the homeland has been left behind.

It also might be a trend, once in America, to switch from the healthy Japanese diet to one which includes plentiful dairy foods, wheat flour products, and meat, none of which are known for their ability to prevent cancer.

There is also the stress level to consider:  Moving to a new place is supposed to be one of the most stressful conditions we might suffer, even more stressful than losing a loved one.

So, while it is probable that it is not just soya which prevents Japanese women from getting cancer, there is a scientific basis to the argument that soya has cancer-inhibiting properties.

According to Dr Glenville, soya contains a number of cancer-inhibitors, including a chemical similar to Tamoxifen, which is a pharmaceutical drug given for the treatment of oestrogen-caused breast cancers.

Soya beans’ phyto-oestrogens, genistein and daidzein, are just two of the several known to exist within the soya bean:   These have a beneficial effect in that they inhibit cancer cells from developing in the breast. They somehow act to prevent the hormonal type of oestrogen, which is carcinogenic, from forming.

Japanese women eating a traditional diet rich in soya products have less breast cancers than their American counterparts.  This correlates with the amount of phyto-oestrogens found in the urine:  The Japanese who consumed a large amount of soy in the diet had 100-1,000 times more phtyo-oestrogens in their urine than their American counterparts.

It is interesting to note that Japanese men seem to benefit from eating plentiful amounts of soya products also.  Whilst their rates of prostate cancer seem to be equivalent to those found in the UK, not so many Japanese men actually die of the disease.

Dr Glenville concludes that the phyto-oestrogens in soya products have ‘a balancing effect on hormones in both men and women’.

Natural Remedies

Culpeper says of Sage that it ’causes the hair to become black’.

Garden sage has many therapeutic uses.

In the garden, its flowers provide medicine and nectar for the bees, as well as a herbal tonic to the neighbouring plants.

It is well-known as an aid to oral hygiene.  It has strong antiseptic qualities and is supposed to whiten tooth enamel.

Sage is still used today in some tooth-pastes.  It is reputedly one effective remedy for bleeding gums,  and improving gum health:  The crushed fresh leaves are massaged several times a day onto the gums and teeth.

The tea is gargled to relieve sore throats, colds and flu,  and ulcers in the mouth.

It can be effective to reduce fevers, and has been used in the past for thyphoid fever. (see ‘Herbal Remedies  and Homeopathy’ published by Geddes and Grosset.)

It is a valuable nerve medicine, and is a useful stomach remedy for improving a weak appetite.

Natural Herbal Hair Dye and Tonic:  Sage can help restore healthy hair and improve the colour.

Strong sage tea encourages hair growth and darkens the hair, if it is used on a regular basis. Many herbalists describe it in their writings:  see John Heinerman’s ‘Encyclopedia of Fruits Vegetables and Herbs’.

Rosemary is another wonderful herb which can help hair growth, but it does not have such a darkening effect on the hair, as sage does.

Recipe For Sage Hair Dye:  Here is a simple, natural hair dye and tonic which you can try.  It is perfectly safe to use, as it does not contain any harmful additives such as you might find in commercial dyes for darkening the hair.

Take two cups of fresh sage leaves and put into a stainless steel saucepan.

Add one cup of dry black tea leaves

Add half a cup of cider vinegar and eight cups of water.

Simmer very gently, with no lid, for one hour on a very low heat.  You should have around half the original quantity of liquid left at the end of an hour.  If you need to add a little more water, make sure you do so well before you finish simmering the brew.  If you add more water at the end of the simmering, then your mixture will not keep so well.

Take off the heat after an hour of simmering.  Set aside to cool.

Once your sage mixture has cooled properly, strain it off.

To the liquid remaining add the same amount of vodka.

Put into a bottle with a screw-top lid and store in a cool place.

Massage around a tablespoonful of the sage infusion into the hair each day.  Use more or less, depending on how much hair you need to cover.

Massage the sage tonic well into the roots of the hair as well, so that it feeds the scalp and hair follicles.  Massaging the scalp with the sage tonic will help the hair to grow again.

The oils in the sage leaves will put a natural shine to the hair.

Once the hair is sufficiently darkened, which may take several weeks, you can reduce the amount of applications each week.  Once or twice a week may be enough to maintain the darker colour.

Sage is really very good for the hair in so many ways.

Alternative Sage Tonic Without Alcohol:  You could make up your sage tea without the alcohol if you wish.  Only, remember that your mixture will not keep for longer than a week, and it must be kept in the fridge.  You could make up a lesser amount, enough to last a week, and then make up a fresh brew of tea for the following week.

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Cancer Doctor Eva Hill’s Eleven Day Elimination Diet

Raw Food, A Natural Remedy For Cancer

‘Why Be Scared Of Cancer?’ This is the title of Dr Eva Hill’s famous healing book which was published in New Zealand in 1979 by G.K. Moore. Her other book is ‘A Simple Guide To Natural Health’.

Dr Eva Hill, who was born Eva Day,  is a famous New Zealand doctor who promoted a ‘natural’ cure for cancer.  She helped save many lives through her alternative cancer therapy, and was convicted because of it, ironically enough, at the court in Christchurch where her father worked as a magistrate.

The famous cricketer W.G. Grace, who was a doctor, was her uncle.

She was outstanding for her time, being one of the first women, and one of the youngest students, to graduate from the Otago University Medical School, in New Zealand.

Dr Hill worked as a GP for many years, and entered politics in 1954.  However, she developed cancer in an old wound in her cheek which changed the direction of her career.

Surgery on the cancer was not successful, and so she decided to follow a naturopathic treatment at the famous Hoxsey naturopathic clinic in Dallas, Texas. This treatment cured her cancer entirely

Dr Eva Hill came back to New Zealand in 1956 and began to treat people using the ‘natural’ cure for all ills. She was convinced that raw foods would work to cure all degenerative disease, and all cancers, including malignant melanoma.

Dr Eva Hill promoted organic food, and encouraged people to grow their own. She gave talks on the subject of growing organic food and how imperative good nutrition was in preventing cancer and in gaining optimum health. She was a foundation member of the Soil and Health Foundation and was active in this organization for many years.

Dr Eva Hill campaigned against the fluoridation of water, as she believed that this practice contributed to diseases like cancer.

The well-publicized success of her own cure, as well as the successes she was having with her patients, brought her under the spot-light of the medical profession and the powerful multi-national drug companies, who did their best to stop her practising.  Dr Max Gerson was another one of the many doctors around this time who was punished by the medical profession for using unorthodox methods of treatment. He was forced to stop practicing medicine in America, and so he set up his cancer clinic in Mexico, where the American authorities had no sway.

Dr Eva Hill was charged under the Health Act, N.Z., and was virtually convicted in court because of not using drugs in her treatments.

Dr Hill appealed with the help of her supporters, and won her case.

She continued with her natural healing methods, curing and helping untold people during the course of her career.

As a general rule for maintaining good health, she advised avoiding all animal proteins, all cereals, white sugar and salt.  This is the  same advice given by Walter Last, a healer who worked in New Zealand a little later than Dr Eva Hill.  Walter also cured many people of so-called terminal illnesses using natural remedies.

Here is Dr Eva Hill’s method for an eleven day cleanse, which she gives in her book entitled ‘Why Be Scared Of Cancer?’ See page 42.

Dr Eva Hill’s Eleven Day Cleanse:

Epsom Salts Bath Each Night.  One pound of epsom salts is added to the bathwater each night.  This is continued for one week of the treatment.

Epsom salts draw out toxins from the skin and tissues beneath.

First Three Days:  Only water and citrus juice is taken.  Dr Hill recommends a glass of grapefruit or orange juice every four hours.   Nothing else is eaten or drunk during these three days except for water and citrus juice.

Next Two Days:  Continue with the citrus drinks, but add fresh fruit to the diet also.  Apples, grapes, peaches, pears, and tomatoes are all good.  She says baked apple is also OK.

Next Six Days:

Breakfast:  Have only fresh citrus for breakfast.

Lunch:  Eat only salad using from three to six fresh vegetables.  Follow this with one cup of potassium broth.

How To Make Potassium Broth: You can make a potassium broth by slowly stewing chopped potatoes, carrots, onions, a little parsley, silver beet or spinach, and celery. Simmer gently for around half an hour.  Use only the liquid and keep in the fridge.

Dinner:  Eat only two or three steamed vegetables, followed by another cup of potassium broth.

Supper:  Fresh fruit can be enjoyed.

After ending this cleansing diet, Dr Hill recommends following a balanced diet as follows:

Balanced Daily Diet:  A glassful of fresh fruit juice before breakfast.  Orange, grapefruit, apple, or grapejuice, or the juice of a lemon taken in a little hot water.

For breakfast eat only fresh raw fruits of any kind.  Bananas can be added to the list of grapes, apples, pears, or peaches.  Grated or ground nuts can be used also, and honey is allowed.

Dr Hill recommends that her elimination programme be followed two or three times in the year to keep good health.  She also says to follow the programme whenever a cold or flu appears, or constipation, or any other malady where a fever is involved.

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Rhubarb Use In Constipation Cancer, Arthritis, Psoriasis

Natural Remedies

There are two types of Rhubarb.  The Chinese variety, Rheum Officinale, is the one mostly used in herbal medicine.  However, garden rhubarb, Rheum Rhaponticum, also has some value in treating certain diseases.

Remedy For Constipation:  The stalks of Garden Rhubarb are, of course, an aged-old remedy for constipation.  I think that this makes it a very helpful treatment in diseases such as cancer, arthritis and psoriasis:  Cleaning out the bowels of effete matter is imperative in treating any disease, as this is usually where the disease originates.

Rhubarb Root For Constipation: In using Garden Rhubarb for treating constipation, the most potent part of the plant to use is the dried root.  It must be dried and powdered or chopped before using, and only a half teaspoon can be taken in one dose.  Do not use this remedy more than once a week, as it is very vigorous in its action:  overuse can result in vitamin and mineral deficiencies.

Poisonous Leaves:  NEVER use the leaves of the Rhubarb plant.  These are very poisonous, as they contain large amounts of oxalic acid.  You can safely eat the stalks of Rhubarb, but never the leaves.

Stewed Rhubarb Stalks And Apple: This is a delicious combination which is often served as a dessert on its own, or used in a crumble as a treat. Simply stew your chopped Rhubarb stalks with an equal amount of grated, unpeeled apple.

In the absence of dried root, eating a cupful of stewed Rhubarb and apple  each morning will surely waken up a lazy bowel.

Because of its laxative qualities, eating rhubarb and apple frequently will help to prevent cancer, arthritis and other degenerative disease.

Eat Plenty Of Other Stuff Too:  Do not overdo the rhubarb.  It is high in oxalic acid which can deplete your body of calcium if your diet is deficient in this and other nutrients. This can result in arthritis-type symptoms and bone pain.

If you use Rhubarb frequently, be sure to eat plenty of other foods which contain calcium, protein and oils, such as good quality milk, fish, sesame seeds, almonds and nuts.

Or, alternatively, use lots of carrot juice, or cabbage, to counter the depleting effect of Rhubarb.

Natural Cancer Treatment: Rhubarb has apparently been used in China for treating some types of cancer. (See ‘Miracle Healing Herbs’ by John Heinerman, PhD, published byPrentice Hall, 1998)

Mammary Tumours: Rhubarb contains good amounts of potassium, calcium, and Vitamin C.  It is also reputed to contain the laxative ingredients rhein and emodin,  which have shown to be effective in treating mammary tumours in mice.

Malignant melanomas have also responded to the use of rhein and emodin compounds.  The dose given in John Heinerman’s book is 50mg per kilogram of body weight as a daily dosage.

Herbal Recipe For Treating Arthritis and Psoriasis: I have not tried this remedy, but this recipe adapted from Heinerman sounds to be very good.  The cabbage juice contained in the mixture would, I think, help to reduce the depletion of calcium.

He macerates 1 cup of Rhubarb root with half a cup of chopped Rhubarb stalks.

To this is added 10 tablespoonsful of powdered grape root – the Oregon variety if you can get it.

8 X 50mg zinc tablets are pounded into the mixture.

The resulting mix is then put into a screw-top jar, and 3 cups of good gin or rum put over it. I think a good vodka would do the trick just as well.

Shake twice a day for two weeks, then strain the mixture.

The final addition is One and a Quarter cups of cold cabbage water.  This is obtained by gently  simmering half a chopped cabbage in two pints of water for half an hour, or until the water has reduced to about half or less.

Put the Rhubarb liquid, together with the cabbage water, into a bottle and screw on the lid.

I would keep it in the fridge, to make sure it does not ferment before you use it up.

Dose is one teaspoonful five times a day before meals and before morning tea and afternoon tea.

John Heinerman says this is helpful for treating Arthritis and Hepatitis. Skin diseases such as Psoriasis, Eczema, Herpes and Acne Vulgaris should all benefit from this herbal tonic.

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